Ankylosing Spondylitis


The disorder of Ankylosing Spondylitis is defined as a category of arthritis. This type of disorder is known to harm and create and impact on the spine. People suffering from such disorders often complain about excruciating pain which begins from the neck region and runs down till the lower back portion. The vertebrae i.e. the spine bones grow and gradually fuse together. Due to this, a type of rigidity develops in the spine. Thus impacting the posture of the spine, the pain can be either mild or severe depending on the level of damage caused. Undergoing a proper treatment at the right time can help the patients to breathe a sigh of relief and improve their health condition. Time treatment may help in avoiding the stiffness and diminish the pain.

There is no specific age group which is prone to this type of disorder. Although it is inferred that the occurrence of this disorder has no relation with age, it is observed that nowadays this disorder is observed impacting men in their young age especially in their 20’s.

Causes

There is no concrete root cause detected for the occurrence of Ankylosing spondylitis. However it is inferred that a common gene is found among most people diagnosed with this disorder. This gene is called as the human leukocyte antigen. As per medical research, it is stated that this gene somewhere plays a crucial role in the occurrence of this disorder. Inheriting the gene from old family members is also suspected to be a cause factor of this disorder.

Signs & Symptoms

Patients who have been suffering from this ailment have showcased the following prominent signs and symptoms:

Lower back pain is one of the most prominent signs and symptoms of Ankylosing spondylitis.

The pain and all the relevant signs prevail for a period of three months or more.

The symptoms for this disorder are mostly seen in patients aged below 40

For most detected patients with this disorder, mornings are said to be very painful

The spine becomes stiff and rigid. Most people detected with this disorder complain about fatigue. People become prone to cardiovascular disease, renal disorder, pulmonary disorder, etc.

Diagnosis

Most doctors conduct a detailed study on the signs and symptoms to analyse and determine the case of Ankylosing Spondylitis. For gathering further details, doctors ask the patient to undergo several physical tests. The results of this test are checked based on certain parameters which help in determining the occurrence of this disorder. Doctors recommend X-ray tests for both the pelvis and the back region.

Doctors conduct radiography tests and to collect evidences of inflammatory characteristics in the spine thus causing the pain. This test provides significant insights on the current disorder. Doctors usually measure the chest size of the patients while breathing.

Treatment

Specific treatments are suggested by doctors that help in reducing the pain. It does not completely wipe off the disorder at one stance. Occupational or physiotherapy is initially suggested by doctors. Specific exercise and work out modes are suggested to help reduce the stiffness and the pain simultaneously. Surgical procedures are also recommended in severe cases for the patients under the influence of Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Prevention

Since the root cause of this disorder is not known, there are no suggested preventive measures for avoiding its occurrence.