The disorder of Autoimmune hemolytic anemia occurs due to destruction of the Red blood cells i.e. the RBCs. The term anemia is used to describe the deficiency of healthy red blood cells in a human body. Red blood cells carry out one of the most vital tasks in a human body. They act is the carrier for oxygen from lungs to all the parts of the body. It is because of the low count of RBCs that the oxygen does not reach all parts of the body. Pale appearance of the skin, fatigue and improper heartbeat count is some of the signs observed under the influence of this disorder.
The lifespan of the RBCs reduces drastically. Normally, RBCs exist in the body for approximately 100 to 120 days but under the influence of this disorder it the life span diminishes. This marks the severity of the condition. The antibodies present inside the body start impacting the red blood cells within the same body thus causing them to burst.
A disease like Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is caused owing to several factors out of which autoimmune problem is the key factor in this case. The red blood cells are attacked by the immune system of the body and thus destroyed. As per medical research, it is inferred that specific toxins, chemical and drugs act as additional cause for the occurrence of this disorder.
There are various types of infections which can be responsible for the occurrence of this disease. Blood transfusion case wherein the blood group mismatches between the donor and the recipient, this disease can occur in such cases.
Signs and symptoms
There are various signs and symptoms which can be observed during the occurrence of Autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
Prominent symptoms during the mid stages are:
The patient often feels weak and lethargic. There is constant loss of stamina while working or carrying out any type of activity. Frequent headaches are a common sign during the occurrence of this disorder.
The patient experiences a grumpy feeling.
Lack of concentration or focus as well as thinking while at work. Under severe influence, the white portion of the eyes appears blue in colour.
The nails become brittle. The skin tone becomes pale.
Frequent feeling of being breathless.
The diagnosis of this disorder is carried out by examining all the known signs and symptoms observed in the patients suffering from it. The doctors usually ask questions related to the medical history of the patient and confirm for any kind of prevailing illness or ailment as well as any kind of drug intake which can be inferred to be the possible cause of Autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Various lab experiments are also conducted thus helping the doctors to analyze the case deeply.
In order to cure a person ailing from Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, doctors initially start with specific medication procedures which includes steroids. In case the condition gets severe without any scope for improvement, doctors recommend other procedures such as removal of the spleen or intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.
In case of blood transfusion, in depth scanning of antibodies can help prevent Autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
There are many types of medicines that may be used in specific types of autoimmune diseases. While some treatments aim at relieving symptoms like pain and inflammation, others target the disease process. Unfortunately, adding to extreme hazards and medical anxiety, some autoimmune diseases like thyroiditis and diabetes make the manufacture of vital components in the form of hormones conducive to the human body difficult. Relaxingly enough, some agents introduced by the developed medical ventures, like, anti-TNF medications are used in autoimmune arthritis and psoriasis. Apart from medications, there are several lifestyle changes that may be adopted along with the treatment of autoimmune diseases. These include eating a healthy and balanced diet, getting regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy body weight, getting adequate rest, reducing stress, etc.