Muscle Diseases


Muscles contribute to our daily activities. They help us move and make our body work. There are about 642 muscles in a human body which perform various functions. Walking, sleeping, breathing, talking, running, jogging, eating, dancing, etc. are all executed by our body with the help of muscles. Muscles are categorized in to various groups and sections. There are muscles of head and neck (ear, nose, mouth, soft palate, pharynx, larynx, etc) ; muscles of torso (chest, abdomen, pelvis, etc.) ; muscles of upper limbs ( shoulder, arms, forehead, hand, etc) ; muscles of lower limbs (thighs, legs, foot, etc.)

Thus it is very evident that muscles are present all over our body.

However they may encounter with some disorders due to injuries or overuse. Muscle disease in simpler words can be defined as weakness of the muscle. It is the inability of the muscle to do a certain kind of work that it is expected to do. Some of the very common examples of muscles diseases are sprains and cramps. Diseases of the nerves can also lead to muscle disorders. Some muscle diseases may be very extreme and may also cause cancer. Muscular dystrophy is a kind of genetic muscle disorder. A lot of times the causes are unknown.

Some of the very common indications of muscle diseases are presence of pain due to defect in blood circulation, injury or inflammation or even contraction of the muscle. There is muscle enlargement that usually occurs in athletes.

Sometimes you may have no symptoms and yet you may suffer from a certain kind of muscle weakness. This is mainly because of a generic muscle disorder. You may not have the disorder but you may be carrying the gene for the disease.

Neuromuscular disease is another well-known muscle disorder. It affects the nervous system which directly hampers the functioning of the muscles in our body. Neurological disorders very often lead to problems with the movement. They usually give rise to very commonly known disorders like the Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis and various other such illnesses.

When you suffer from any of these symptoms and causes mentioned above, it is always advisable to visit a doctor as soon as you can. A physical examination and your medical history would definitely help the doctor determine the root cause of the problem. There are a lot of medicines and treatments available which help in curing the disorder completely (the process may be time- consuming). The main aim of the treatment is to control the symptoms and to help the muscles to function normally. If not properly taken care of, these may cause disability in the human body. Some of the muscle disorders might even turn out to be deadly and fatal. Basically, these treatments help in improving the functioning of the muscle. Thus, it is extremely essential for you to contact a medical health care professional so as to prevent the disease from increasing and spreading to other parts of the body.